Innovation Fund: EU Invests EUR 1.8bln in Clean Tech Projects

The EU is investing over EUR 1.8 billion in 17 large-scale innovative clean-tech projects with a third round of awards under the Innovation Fund. Grants will be disbursed from the Innovation Fund to help bring breakthrough technologies to the market in energy-intensive industries, hydrogen, renewable energy, carbon capture and storage infrastructure, and manufacturing of key components for energy storage and renewables. The selected projects are located in Bulgaria, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland and Sweden.

“Today’s grants support innovative businesses across Europe to develop the cutting-edge technologies we need to drive the green transition. The Innovation Fund is an important tool to scale up innovations in renewable hydrogen and other solutions for European industry. Compared to the first disbursement round, the funds available have increased by 60%, enabling us to double the number of projects supported. This is a big boost for the decarbonisation of energy-intensive industry in the European Union,” Executive Vice-President Frans Timmermans said.

The 17 projects were selected under the second call for large-scale projects, meaning they have capital costs above EUR 7.5 million. The projects were evaluated by independent experts based on their ability to reduce greenhouse gas emissions compared to traditional technologies and to innovate beyond the state-of-the-art, while being sufficiently mature for deployment. Other selection criteria included the projects’ potential for scalability and cost effectiveness.

The selected projects cover a wide range of sectors contributing to the EU’s decarbonisation efforts such as production, distribution and use of green hydrogen, waste-to-hydrogen, offshore wind, manufacturing of photovoltaic (PV) modules, battery storage and recycling, carbon capture and storage, sustainable aviation fuels, and advanced biofuels. Together, they have a potential to save 136 million tonnes of CO2eq over their first 10 years of operation.

In addition, up to 20 projects that are promising but not yet sufficiently mature for a grant will be pre-selected for project development assistance by the European Investment Bank. These will be announced in the fourth quarter of 2022.


Projects in brief

Energy-intensive industries:

  • Cement (4 projects): A project in Germany will deploy a second-generation oxyfuel carbon capture process at a cement plant and provide it as raw material for further processing into synthetic methanol. Another one located in Poland will create an end-to-end carbon capture and storage chain starting from CO₂ capture and liquefaction at a cement plant to storage in offshore sites. A third project will capture the CO₂ emissions coming from exhaust gases produced during lime production and store them permanently in offshore geological formations in France. Finally, another project will be the first full-chain carbon capture and storage project in Bulgaria, linking CO₂ capture facilities at a cement plant with offshore permanent storage in a depleted gas field in the Black Sea, through an onshore and offshore pipeline system.
  • Chemicals (3 projects): In Finland, a project will chemically recycle plastics to be used as a feedstock for refineries. Another project in Sweden will create a first-of-a-kind methanol plant converting CO₂, residue streams, renewable hydrogen, and biogas to methanol. Another project in Sweden will produce a new fibre from pulp to substitute polyester in textile applications.
  • Hydrogen (3 projects): In the Netherlands, one project will produce, distribute, and use green hydrogen through an electrolyser supplied by offshore wind electricity. Another one will produce 15,500 tonnes of renewable hydrogen per year. The third one will process non-recyclable solid waste streams and transform them primarily into hydrogen.
  • Refineries (2 projects): In Norway, one project will build and operate the world’s first commercial-scale drop-in biofuel production facility, which will convert forestry waste into advanced second-generation biofuels and biochar. A project in Sweden will build a large-scale facility to produce synthetic sustainable aviation fuel, using CO₂ captured at a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plant.
  • Manufacturing of components for energy storage or renewables production (3 projects): In Poland, a project will create a manufacturing plant of innovative electrochemical battery systems to provide short-term electricity storage. Another project in the North of France will build a manufacturing plant for photovoltaics based on innovative heterojunction technology. A third project in France will construct a Li-Ion recycling plant at the Dunkirk battery cluster for producing and refining black mass, providing access to a secondary source of battery raw material.
  • Renewable energy: In the German part of the North Sea, a project will construct and operate an offshore windfarm, which will implement innovative solutions for turbines and hydrogen.
  • Carbon capture and storage infrastructure: A project in Iceland will build a highly scalable onshore carbon mineral storage terminal with an estimated overall storage capacity of 880 million tonnes of CO₂.


Clean Air Task Force’s point of view

“This kind of funding helps to unlock the kind of economy-wide decarbonisation that is needed to achieve higher climate ambition,” said Lee Beck, Global Director, Carbon Capture. “Now, policymakers need to develop deployment policy with a European Strategy for carbon capture and storage to demonstrate political commitment to commercialising these technologies and infrastructure.”

This latest announcement followed the second round of projects that was released in November 2021. In that round, over EUR 1 billion was also awarded to projects with focus on industrial decarbonisation.

One notable trend in the projects funded is the push for innovative industrial decarbonisation technologies spreading beyond the first mover countries around the North Sea.

The momentum and growing ambition behind carbon capture and storage technologies is particularly notable, as the four carbon capture projects selected make use of a wide variety of transport options – including ship, rail, and pipelines – for moving the captured CO2. This shows the importance of EU-wide CO2 transport networks, connecting emitters who capture their CO2 to permanent storage facilities and allowing industrial actors across the continent to work towards climate targets.

“The sectors included in this announcement have long been overlooked, in Europe and around the world,” said Magnolia Tovar, Global Director, Zero-Carbon Fuels. “Decarbonising the energy-intensive industries that have made limited emissions reductions since 2010 is vital not only for Europe, but for economies around the world.”

The three hydrogen projects chosen in the Netherlands show a growing commitment to backing hubs of heavy industry as engines of climate innovation – places where the production, end-use and connective infrastructure for hydrogen are tightly packed and highly integrated. It is these hydrogen hubs that stand the best chance of creating a new zero-carbon fuels economy that can displace the dominance of fossil fuels in difficult-to-electrify sectors.

Nonetheless, some elements are still being overlooked. The relative shortage of funding for CO2 storage sites is particularly worrying. To put it plainly, without timely access to permanent storage sites, many of the planned CO2 capture projects will be unable to progress on schedule. Analysis from earlier this year already showed that, by 2030, the available storage capacity will amount to around half the volume of captured CO2 – and that was based on the projects that had already been announced. While the support for a new storage site in Iceland is welcome, the EU must do more to bridge this gap.

This round of funding shows that the trend towards embracing carbon capture technologies is growing, but these efforts have stalled in the past through a lack of inadequate regulatory incentives, the need to coordinate on shared CO2 infrastructure, and lack of deployment policy such as carbon contracts for differences that support CAPEX and OPEX. Brussels must implement a comprehensive carbon capture policy framework to ensure that these early projects are set up to succeed, helping to commercialise these crucial decarbonisation tools for countries around the world.

Selected projects worth highlighting:

  • The ANRAV CCUS cluster in Bulgaria is set to be the first full-chain CCS project in Eastern Europe, capturing CO2 from a cement plant to store in depleted gas fields in the Black Sea. This project also has links to Romania and Greece.
  • The GO4ECOPLANET project in Poland shows further commitment to the region. CO2 will be captured at the Kujawy cement plant, transported by rail, and shipped to offshore storage sites.
  • The ELYgator project in the Netherlands will demonstrate an integrated hydrogen value chain. This project will produce 15,500 tonnes per of renewable hydrogen for the industry and mobility.
  • The CalCC project in France would be the world’s first industrial scale carbon capture project involving lime production, sending CO2 by pipeline to the industrial hub and export terminal at Dunkirk.
  • Coda Terminal will establish a CO2 import terminal and storage site in Iceland, in an expansion of the existing Carbfix project based on mineralisation of CO2 in basalt rock.



With revenue of more than €38 billon until 2030 from the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), the Innovation Fund aims to create the right financial incentives for companies and public authorities to invest in the next generation of low-carbon technologies and give EU companies a first-mover advantage to become global technology leaders.

The first call for large-scale projects awarded grants of EUR 1.1 billion to 7 projects in energy-intensive industries, hydrogen, carbon capture, use and storage, and renewable energy. 15 projects were awarded project-development assistance.

With a 60% increase in funds compared to the first round of the Innovation Fund, we are more than doubling the number of projects we can support. We are also expanding the geographical reach to more countries, including in Eastern Europe, and have sped up the application and evaluation process.

Successful projects under this second call will now start to prepare their individual grant agreements with the European Climate, Infrastructure and Environment Executive Agency (CINEA), the implementing agency of the Fund. These are expected to be finalised in the fourth quarter of 2022, allowing the Commission to adopt the corresponding grant award decision and start distributing the grants.

In the autumn, the Commission will launch the third call for large-scale projects. As announced in the REPowerEU Plan, the funding available will be doubled to around EUR 3 billion to further support the EU’s independence from Russian fossil fuels. Projects that were not successful in the previous calls are encouraged to re-apply.

In July 2021, the Commission proposed as part of the Fit for 55 package to top up the Innovation Fund, currently sourced from 450 million allowances from the existing ETS in 2021-30, with 50 million allowances from the existing ETS and 150 million allowances from the new system covering emissions from road transport and buildings. In addition, under the proposal, allowances which would otherwise be allocated for free to industry sectors covered by the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism would be auctioned and added to this Fund.

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